Today marks the 150th birthday of Dr. Maria Montessori. She was born in Chiaravalle, Italy in 1870. Montessori obtained her doctor of medicine in 1896. Dr. Montessori turned her attention to assisting children with special needs. This training emphasized a holistic approach to teaching students. Dr. Montessori observed their psychology, anatomy, and behaviour. She designed instruction and materials to help children learn. In 1907 she opened her first school. Montessori adapted her materials as necessary, monitoring her students’ needs and motivations. Dr. Montessori made several important psychological and educational discoveries: sensitive periods, the absorbent mind, normalization, cosmic education, and more. Through her work she transformed education from a docile system into one of auto-education and personal growth.
For more information on her life and work visit: here.